Tense1

posted on 01 May 2011 16:33 by wickynana in English

TENSE

 

Tense ทั้งหมดมี 24 tense แบ่งออกเป็น

Active Voice ประธานเป็นผู้กระทำ มี 12 Tenses

Passive Voice ประธานเป็นถูกกระทำ มี 12 Tenses

 

Active Voice

Present Simple Tense

                

S+V1 (s,es)  

 

 

กริยาผันตามประธาน ถ้าประธานเป็นพหูพจน์(I,you,we,they)กริยาเหมือนเดิม แต่ถ้าประธานเป็นเอกพจน์ (he,she,it)ให้เติม s หรือ es หลังกริยา

Tom plays tennis.

They go to a mall every week.

 

ถ้าเป็นคำถามหรือปฏิเสธใช้กริยาช่วยคือ Verb to be ,Verb to do หรือ Verb to have

I don’t like cake.

Have you enough money ?

 

หลักการใช้

1. ใช้กับเหตุการณ์ที่เป็นจริงและไม่จริง

- The sun rises in the east.

- Bangkok is not the cleanest city in the world.

2. เป็นกิจวัตร หรือ เป็นสิ่งที่เรา “ทำซ้ำๆ”อยู่เสมอ

- Jim and Tim never pass in test.

 

ข้อสังเกต มักมี adverb of frequency

always,usually,generally,normally,often,sometime,at time,

from time to time,occasionally,hardly,scarcely,rarely,

barely,seldom,never,once a week,every other day,

every night/day/week

 

 

 

 

 

3.เป็นปัจจุบัน เกิดขึ้นขณะที่พูด

- I want some help right now.

 

 

 

 

Present Continuous Tense

 

S+V .to be+V.ing

 

 

 

หลักการใช้

1. เหตุการณ์กำลังดำเนินอยู่ยังไม่เสร็จ

- Somsak is driving to the cinema.

- It isn’t raining now.

 

ข้อสังเกต adverb of time

now,at this moment,at the moment,today,in the present,

still,for the time being,right now,currently

2. การกระทำที่ทำอยู่ในระยะยาว

- I am study Psychology. (อาจหมายถึงกำลังศึกษาวิชาจิตวิทยาอยู่ในภาคการศึกษานี้)

3. อนาคตอันใกล้ (จะต้องเกิดขึ้นอย่างแน่นอน)

- Susan is visiting my parents next week.

 

## ข้อยกเว้น## กริยาบางตัวอยู่ในรูป continuous (-ing) ไม่ได้ เช่น

V. to be,V. of perceptionได้แก่ see,hear,smell,know,understand,

think,believe,resemble

- He now knows as much about the lesson as you do.

หรือถ้าใช้ในรูป continuous ความหมายจะต่างออกๆไป

- I’m seeing my friend this weekend. (=to visit)

 

 

 

 

Present Perfect Tense

 

S+have/has+V.3

 

 

หลักการใช้

1. ประสบการณ์

-  I have met her before.

2. พึ่งจะจบ

-  She has just arrive at school.

3. ยังไม่จบ

-  Up to now we have no news from Tim

 

ข้อสังเกต 

Since = ตั้งแต่ For = เป็นเวลา

-I have drunk milk since 3 years.

-Jan has gone England for 2 weeks.

yet = ยัง  ใช้ในประโยค  คำถาม/ปฏิเสธ

already = แล้ว ใช้ในประโยค บอกเล่า

lately = ไม่นานมานี้  ใช้ในประโยค คำถาม/ปฏิเสธ

                     ประโยคเล่าใช้ recently

ever = เคย  ใช้ในประโยค คำถาม

                  ประโยคบอกเล่าใช้ used to + V.inf

So far/Up to now/Up to the present time = จวบจนบัดนี้

 

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

 

S+have/has been+V.ing

 

 

 

หลักการใช้ 

เน้นความต่อเนื่องตั้งแต่อดีตถึงปัจจุบันและยังดำเนินต่อไป

- Sean has been teaching literature for 10 minutes.

สอนมาแล้ว 10 นาที และยังสอนอยู่

 

#ความแตกต่างระหว่าง# Present Perfect กับ Present Perfect Continuous Tense

 

ถ้าเป็น Present Perfect Tense

- It has rained. (ฝนหยุดตกแล้ว)

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

- It has been raing. (ฝนยังตกอยู่)

thanks enconcept and mis


edit @ 4 May 2011 09:34:27 by wicky

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